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Himalya Lore - Travel Himalyas, Tour to Himalya, Travel Tourism Tours in Himalya Mountain Range
The Himalaya, roof of the world, is a magic place where the magnificence of the world's highest mountains is mirrored in the rugged beauty and unique culture of the people who live in their shadow.

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Duration: 06 Nights - 07 Days

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Eastern Himalayan Cultural

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Home >> History Himalayas >> Himalayan Lore
Himalayan Lore
Himalayan Regions
Kedarnath, Panch Kendarars

Mount Everest A Cloud In The Centre Of The Earth
The Himalyas are a continuous source of inspiration as well as life itself. These mountains defy description, not only because of their grandeur and expansiveness, but also because of the overpowering role played by them in the story of the world. The best way to introduce them would perhaps be with a story.

Once upon a time, there lived a king called "Milinda". He asked a sage called "Nagasena" about the Himalyas. The sage replied in a single verse which when translated reads:

"The Himalya, the king of the mountains, five and thousand league in extent at the circumference, with its ranges or eight hundred and forty thousand peaks, the source of five hundred rivers, the dwelling place of multitudes of mighty creatures, the producer of manifold perfumes, enriched with hundreds of magical drugs, it is seen to rise aloft like a cloud in the centre of the earth." In fact, a text called the Sama Veda (Sam Veda) does describe the mountain ranges to be the centre of the earth.

To the sage's description may be added that these ranges are the youngest in India and one of the youngest mountain systems of the world. With many peaks yet to be christened, these mountain ranges have also given birth to many heroes who have scaled its heights.

According To Other Mythological Texts
Many other texts use very colourful adjectives to describe the mountains. Some call it, "the measuring rod of the earth",

The oldest Veda, the Rig Veda refers to the Himalyas as 'Himavan', a deity and asks: "To which other deity shall we offer our prayers? On account of your prowess, mountains like the Himalyas and the oceans with rivers are created and the distant quarters are designated as your mere arms."

No wonder then that a mountain of so many aspects is viewed in Indian mythology as having a 'divine soul'. It is called "Devatatma" in a Sanskrit poet Kalidasa's works. That divinity is an all-pervading idea can be seen by the fact that there is a reference to a situation where a sage catches sight of the mountain ranges in Krishna's stomach!

Krishna was the eighth incarnation of Lord Vishnu, the preserver in yet another instance, the path to heaven, it is said runs up the Himalya the hero of the Mahabharata, Yudhishtra, is said to have climbed these peaks in his progress towards heaven the one leading to the heavens is called "Swargarohini", where Swarga means heaven "Arohini" means ascent. Chomolungma is the "Goddess mother of the earth" in Tibetan.

Himalayan Legends & Pilgrimages
As an abode of peace, there are many references to the Himalya as the place where sages and common people have meditated in the pursuit of peace most myths associated with the Himalayas have a base in the idea of penance most myths associated with the Himalayas have a base in the idea of penance.

KedarnathA story goes that there were once two sages, Nara and Narayana. They meditated for long years in the Himalayas. Lord Siva was impressed by their dedication, and after many years, came along to meet them. As the two sages sat awed by his very presence, the Lord said he was so happy that he would grant them a boon. The sages asked that the Lord might rest on these mountains forever. Since then the Jyotirlinga or the symbol of Saivite worship, installed itself at a place called Kedarnath and people from all over the world visit it to catch a glimpse of Shiva's (also spelt as Shiv, Siva or Shiva) essence.

Pancha Kendaras
Even the Pandavas, the five heroic brothers of the epic, Mahabharata, are said to have visited the Lord here. When Lord Shiva saw them coming he, however, changed his form into one of a buffalo and tried to run away. The five brothers managed to get hold of him, but only his posterior. It is believed that in Kedaradesa only the posterior part of the Lord remains. His body was separated into five parts and spread all over the Himalyas and these five sites are together known as "Pancha Kendaras". The devotees visit all of them.

The whole of the Himalya are viewed as the abode of Lord Shiva. He rests in different forms on these mountains with Mount Kailash being his permanent residence. He even married the daughter of the king of the Himalayan Mountains, 'Sati' or 'Himavati' or the Daughter of Snow.

Place Of Salvation
It is said that meditating on the Himalya brings liberation in the form of true knowledge dispelling the darkness of ignorance and helps attain a pure state of the ultimate.

So glorified is the story of the Himalayas that it is believed that a sage named Vyasa sat there in meditation. And then, it is said in ancient Hindu texts that Vyasa saw the history of Bharat, that is India, from event to event. The past is recorded in the Mahabharata. Vyasa however saw more: from the past as ancient as the Mahabharata, to the future that human beings are not able to visualise the Himalayas are, thus, not just the seat of the wise and source of waters that keep life, but the very fountainhead of 'Smriti' or knowledge and cognitive memory.

Therefore it is said, just as dew disappears with the morning sun, all sins get washed away at the very sight of the magnificent Himalayas.