Jammu Kashmir is the first Himalayan state of India, but its not another
hill land of India. Jammu and Kashmir is really three regions: the foothill
plains of Jammu; the lakes and blue valleys of Kashmir rising to alpine
passes, the high altitude plains and starkly beautiful mountains of Ladakh,
which lies beyond those passes. It's enough to move one to poetry. Among the
most attractive part that this Indian state has is the adventure
oppurtunities that can be seggragated into trekking, mountaineering and
Trans Himalayan Jeep Safari.
Kashmir is one of india's most beautiful and touristically popular
regions and has been since the time of the great Moghul emperors. It's
probably most famous for the houseboats on picturesque Dal Lake you've
not really been to Kashmir until you've not really been to Kashmir
until you've stayed on one - but there's a lot more to the Kashmir
Valley than just lazing on board.
Around the capital, Srinagar, there are a number of interesting mosques,
temples and forts and, of course, the delightful Moghul Gardens - laid out
in formal patterns hundreds of years ago and every bit as beautiful today.
But you have to get away from Srinagar, up to the hill stations around the
valley, to really enjoy Kashmir. Pahalgam, Gulmarg and Sonamarg are all
delightful in themselves, but they also serve as the jumping off points for
Kashmir's many Trekking possibilities.
second largest town in the state of Jammu and Kashmir, and is situated
290-km from capital city of Srinagar on the south-eastern slopes of the
Shiwalik range. In winter it becomes the headquarters of the Jammu &
Kashmir administration and many Kashmiris move here for the winter because
the temperature drops.
landscape has more in common with the lunar landscape than any other place
on earth. Being in a complete rainshadow region, cut off from the monsoon
clouds by the Great Himalaya and a host of subsidiary ranges, it is a cold
high altitude desert where the wind, water from the minimal winter snows,
and chemical reactions within the rocks themselves, have carved a fantastic,
sometimes grotesque, landscape.
is one of opposites: while in summer time the heat builds upto breaking
point in the foothills, people of Ladakh and Kashmir wait for the snow to
melt.on the high passes. From October onwards, Jammu becomes a much more
pleasant destination. However, the best time to enjoy vale of Kashmir and
the adventures of Ladakh region is between the months of May and September.
People And Culture Of Jammu & Kashmir
The majority are Muslims
living in the Kashmir valley; culturally and ethnically, the closest links
are with peoples in the northwestern highlands of the Gilgit district in the
Pakistani sector. While Hindus dominate the Jammu region and Ladakh is
majorly influenced by the Trans-Himalayan Buddhism.The Kashmiri language is
influenced by Sanskrit and belongs to the Dardic branch of Indo-Aryan
languages also spoken by the hill tribes of Gilgit. The great majority of
the population resides in the lower reaches of the valley.
The ancient caves and temples of Kashmir, reveal a strong link with Indian
culture at the beginning of the Christian Era. At one time the classical
dances of the south are believed to have been practised. These arts survived
only in folk forms and were performed principally at marriage ceremonies.
The popular Hafiza dance performed by Kashmiri women to the accompaniment of
Sufiana Kalam was later replaced by the Bacha Nagma, performed by young boys
dressed like women. The Bhand Jashna or the "festival of clowns",
a 300- to 400-year-old genre of Kashmiri folk theatre performed in village
squares, satirizes social situations through dance, music and clowning.
In the summer season Kashmir offers a series of a
little less rigorous adventure sports, such as Water Skiing, on Srinagar's
Dal and Nagin Lakes, a popular part time in the valley. Water trekking is
calculated to delight anyone wanting to explore the valley in a boat. A
Gondala, locally known as Shikara, takes sightseers along a five-day route
along rivers and lakes situated within the valley. Enjoy spending nights
camping along the way. Trout fishing is another delightful water sport in
Kashmir and fishing season lasts all through summer.
What can make a mountaineering expedition, an adventure one could never
forget? If its done on the glaciers that are still craving to be explored.
The Himalayan range offers some of the most rigorous mountaineering
challenges one can ever come across. The glaciers of Ladakh and Kashmir
regions can test one's survival to the fittest and most testing of them all
is the Siachen glacier, known as the largest glacier outside the Polar